Data-Enhanced Multiscale Theory of Operando Energy Conversion Systems

5 October 2023, 9:45 - 10:30 am

Karsten Reuter

Emerging operando spectroscopies and microscopies reveal a highly dynamic behavior of interfaces in energy conversion systems.Insufficient insight and the concomitant inability to control or exploit the corresponding strong structural and compositional modifications centrally limits the development of performance catalysts, electrolyzers or batteries required for a sustainable energy supply for our society. Predictive-quality modeling and simulation has long become a major contributor to accelerated design all across the materials sciences, not least through powerful computational screening approaches. Current first-principles based methodology is nevertheless essentially unable to address the substantial, complex and continuous morphological transitions at the working interfaces in energy conversion systems. I will review this context from the perspective of first-principles based multiscale modeling, highlighting how the fusion with modern machine learning approaches increasingly allows to tackle the true complexity of working systems. Approaches pursued by our group thereby aim at maximum data efficiency by exploiting physical models wherever possible or through active learning that only queries data on demand.

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